Insomnia is one of the most common medical complaints: 69% of primary care patients complain of sleep issues, according to a survey. Most are unable to fall asleep for more than 30 minutes after going to bed on most nights; however, many also have trouble staying asleep throughout the night.
There are many causes for insomnia, which include depression, extreme stress, poor sleep hygiene, or certain types of medication. In addition to problems falling asleep at night, insomniacs tend to have issues with energy and attention during the day.
Even though sleeping pills can induce drowsiness, many don’t actually promote deep sleep or REM sleep. REM sleep, one of five stages of your sleep cycle, is what many experts call "restful sleep." You dream during REM sleep and a reduction in REM sleep leads to a less restorative or less satisfying sleep. That's why one may not feel completely rested after taking a sleeping pill, even after 8 hours of sleep.
There are many medications that physicians can prescribe to help with sleep. They include benzodiazepines, antidepressants, melatonin-like drugs or antihistamine drugs. One very common sleep medication, zolpidem, is in its own category. It works by mimicking GABA, a calming, inhibitory neurotransmitter that makes you feel more drowsy.
When Are Sleeping Pills Appropriate?
It is okay to take prescription sleeping pills for a short time when a tragic event, extreme stress, travel, or other factors or circumstances are affecting your normal sleep patterns or are keeping you awake. One popular sleeping pill uses zolpidem as its active ingredient. It’s most commonly found in Ambien, Ambien CR, Edluar and Zolpimist, as well as generic versions of these drugs.