PACE Study May as Well Say “Cancer Is All in Your Mind”

I would like to offer you readers a common sense perspective on the PACE Study. By now, many of you have heard news reports about the PACE study out of the UK, suggesting that cognitive behavioral therapy and exercise are helpful for chronic fatigue syndrome, and misguided and misinformed media reports are suggesting that this shows that the illness is all in people's minds. Understandably infuriating – and about on par scientifically as news reports about space aliens impregnating Lindsay Lohan.

Posted on | Jacob Teitelbaum, MD | Comments ()

I would like to offer you readers a common sense perspective on the PACE Study. By now, many of you have heard news reports about the PACE study out of the UK, suggesting that cognitive behavioral therapy and exercise are helpful for chronic fatigue syndrome, and misguided and misinformed media reports are suggesting that this shows that the illness is all in people's minds. Understandably infuriating – and about on par scientifically as news reports about space aliens impregnating Lindsay Lohan.

Welcome to the news media. On a good note, it leaves one wondering, what if many of the articles in those newspapers are equally off-base? Anyway, 2 other studies came out recently as well, which add perspective:

1. Promising New CFS Study (Reported by CBS News)

This study showed changes in over 700 proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, the fluid that bathes the brain, in CFS patients. These patterns were much different for CFS patients versus chronic Lyme versus healthy controls, again proving that CFS is a real physical illness, and adding more info that may point to both a diagnostic test and a treatment. The good news is there's no need to have a spinal tap! This is simply one more study proving CFS is a very real physical disease, and the study was even reported in a CBS news segment. Good timing to counteract the misinformation from the PACE report.

2. Counseling and Exercise Help Cancer Patients Too, But It's No Cure

A literature review looking at severe fatigue in cancer patients also noted that counseling and exercise can be helpful in cancer patients. Using the line of reasoning applied by some to the Pace study, this would also suggest that cancer is all in people's minds.


Of course, this is simply an absurdity that points to the simple fact that for most severe debilitating diseases, emotional support and coping skills can be helpful along with maintaining conditioning. In chronic fatigue syndrome, people are facing an energy crisis so they can only walk or exercise to a certain point, beyond which they crash and burn – so you only want to exercise "as able." This means listening to your body and seeing what feels comfortable. On the other hand, if you don't exercise at all, your body has a "use it or lose it" approach to efficiency, and you'll decondition.

Basic common sense says that for cancer, chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis (which doctors also used to believe was all in people's minds, calling it "hysterical paralysis") and any severe disease, it is helpful to get emotional support, coping skills, and exercise as able. The problem occurs when a form of cognitive behavioral therapy is used that includes beating people over the head with the misguided belief that the illness is not real. This then changes from teaching coping skills to being abusive.

It is a basic matter of common sense. CFS is real and it is treatable. We still have much to learn, but this simply means treatments will become increasingly effective.


But don't "throw the baby out with the bathwater." Many mind-body approaches are helpful in CFS (and in cancer and in many other devastating illnesses). These include yoga, tai chi and mindfulness and journaling. Treat the physical components while strengthening your spirit and mind, as with any illness.

In the interim, though the PACE study lead author Professor Peter White has done excellent work looking at both the physical and mind-body issues surrounding CFS, and has noted that illness in general has a mind-body nature with both physical and psychological components (which is the case with cancer, CFS and most illnesses — and not a statement that an illness is all in one’s mind), there are those who are misinterpreting the PACE study (and I suspect misquoting Professor White) to imply that CFS is a psychological disorder. Given that if you were to substitute "cancer" for "CFS" in the PACE study report, it would reach the same conclusions, it becomes obvious just how absurd that position is – so feel free to ignore media misinformation on the study!

Blog written by Jacob Teitelbaum, MD
Dr. Teitelbaum overcame Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia in 1975, and since then has helped hundreds of thousands...