Your gums are just as important to take care of as your teeth. More than 75 percent of adults over the age of 35 have periodontal disease. This disease has varying degrees and forms, and one form is commonly known as gingivitis.
Overall, periodontal disease includes the infection and inflammation that commonly destroys the tissues that support the teeth, mainly your gums, periodontal ligaments, and tooth sockets. If you allow gingivitis to go untreated, it can lead to a deeper degree of periodontal disease and you can even end up LOSING your teeth.
Healthy gums should look pink and stippled, very tight and bound down. There should be little indents like a good set of abs. If so, you are doing alright. To maintain this health, you should floss and brush properly and regularly, at least twice a day.
Signs and symptoms of gingivitis are red and inflamed gums. If you find your teeth are red around the area where your tooth meets the gum, that the area is sensitive to the touch, and/or it bleeds when brushing or flossing, then you most likely have some degree of gingivitis.
Gingivitis occurs because plaque is hiding in the tooth area, most likely in the gum’s pocket which is the furrow between the neck of the tooth and the gum. Plaque is formed from anaerobic bacteria, which does not require oxygen for growth. When this bacteria forms around the gum area on the root surface, it becomes inflamed. This is similar to how a splinter gets lodged beneath the skin’s surface.
As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Teeth no longer have an anchor and tooth loss occurs. This is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Don’t be among the 75 percent of adults over the age of 35 with periodontal disease. Keep your gums healthy today and keep a full smile forever!