What a Kidney Transplant Looks Like

See what a typical kidney transplant procedure looks like.

Watch this video on what happens in the body during a kidney transplant. Here's what typically happens during a transplant:

· When a patient needs a kidney transplant, the old diseased and nonfunctioning kidneys are typically left in place.

· The donated kidney is often placed in the lower abdomen.

· In the lower abdomen, the donor’s arteries and veins can easily be connected to the recipient’s blood vessels.

· In order for the new kidney to function, both the arteries and veins need to be connected, and so does the ureter, the tube that connects the donor’s kidney to the recipient’s bladder. This is the tube through which urine flows out of the kidney into the bladder.

Your Parent Has Dementia: What to Talk to Their Doctor About

Make sure all their doctors are aware of all the medications she is taking.

Q: My mom is 94 and has dementia. She is taking a whole medicine cabinet-full of medications and I think they actually make her fuzzier. How should I talk to her various doctors about what she is taking and if she can get off some of the meds? — Gary R., Denver, Colorado

A: Many dementia patients are taking what docs call a "polypharmacy" — three or more medications that affect their central nervous system. And we really don't know how that mixture truly affects each individual person.

A new study in JAMA Network that looked at more than 1 million Medicare patients found almost 14% of them were taking a potentially harmful mix of antidepressants, antipsychotics, antiepileptics, benzodiazepines such as Valium and Ativan, nonbenzodiazepine benzodiazepine receptor agonist hypnotics such as Ambien or Sonata, and opioids. And almost a third of those folks were taking five or more such medications. The most common medication combination included an antidepressant, an antiepileptic, and an antipsychotic. Gabapentin was the most common medication — often for off-label uses, such as to ease chronic pain or treat psychiatric disorders, according to the researchers from the University of Michigan.

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