Type 2 diabetes results from the body’s failure to regulate glucose. Glucose (sugar) enters the bloodstream from the food we eat and what the liver produces. Insulin produced in the pancreas allows glucose to enter different cells for growth and energy. However, with Type 2 diabetes, the insulin-producing cells secrete less insulin than is needed. This means the liver produces more glucose than it should, and the muscles don’t respond to insulin normally, resulting in insulin resistance.
It's important to know what to do after a Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis because elevated blood glucose levels may increase the risk of complications, such as blindness, kidney failure, and loss of limbs. Type 2 diabetes is best treated with nutritional control and physical activity. There are also a variety of medications used to treat the disease.
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What should my first step be after receiving a diabetes diagnosis?
Visit your doctor to see what he or she suggests. Ask your doctor if a diabetes educator would be helpful. They can assist you in understanding your diagnosis, and getting proper food and exercise advice. Most people are going to be on combination therapy, the use of more than one medication or other therapy, as well as lipid and blood pressure-lowering medications. Your pharmacist can help you know what risks there are and what to be mindful of.
Why do I need to do everything necessary to control my blood glucose level if I don’t necessarily feel bad?
There is extensive information showing that people with a more normal blood glucose level function better in all aspects of life. It has also been shown that persistently elevated blood glucose increases the risk of complications, such as blindness, kidney failure, and loss of limbs. There is also an increased risk for coronary artery disease and heart attack.
My doctor and educator tell me my A1c is good. But I still don't understand what an A1c is…
An A1c is a marker of average blood glucose over the last 90 days. It is also a reflection of what happens in the tissues. Glucose is sticky in the body and sticks to blood vessels, cells, and the hemoglobin molecules in the red blood cells. A high A1c means more glucose on the tissues, which puts you at risk for complications.
The good news is there is plenty you can do. The bad news is that Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease that starts very early and shows up when the body is stressed, such as by increased weight and decreased activity. See a diabetes educator. They will teach you about the disease and get you onto a weight-loss diet. Also, they will start you on an exercise program appropriate for your health. If you do this, you can greatly reduce your chances of having Type 2 diabetes.
Do I need to check my finger-stick glucose more than once a day?
My response is: "Do you close your eyes when you cross the street?” The more you test, the more you understand your body and can respond. If your blood glucose is high before lunch, reduce the carbohydrates you consume at that meal. It will help you achieve a more normal A1c and reduce your risk for complications.