Part of smart prevention is early detection.
If you’re putting off your first colonoscopy, don’t. Take it from me: my first colonoscopy saved my life.
It’s normal to be apprehensive before a medical procedure, especially this one: the prep is annoying and it’s easy to tell yourself you don’t have any risk factors. But you can’t let your anxiety win. Part of smart prevention is early detection.
I had absolutely no risk factors and my doctor found a pre-cancerous polyp that could have morphed into cancer had it not been removed.
I’m sharing my story to highlight the importance of getting screened on time. Here’s what you need to know about the process – as well as one adjustment to make the prep a bit easier.
RELATED: Subscribe to the Dr. Oz newsletter for wellness tips, recipes, and exclusive sneak peeks from The Dr. Oz Show.
When should people get their first colonoscopy?
In 2018, because of the increase in colon cancer in younger people, the American Cancer Society issued new national guidelines recommending that people at average risk of colorectal cancer start regular screening at age 45.
The two major risk factors for colorectal cancer are a family history of the disease and older age, but several other factors have been associated with increased risk, including excessive alcohol use, obesity, being physically inactive, cigarette smoking, and, possibly, diet.
This younger age to start screening isn’t yet agreed upon by everyone though. The prestigious U.S. Preventive Services Task Force still recommends starting at age 50 and screening until age 75. If you are between ages 45-50 and debating your options, talk to your doctor and ask for his or her recommendation.
Is a colonoscopy a surefire way to prevent colon cancer?
There are a few different ways to examine your colon. Your choices include, but are not limited to, at-home stool-based screenings like FIT, visual exams like a virtual colonoscopy — which uses relies on a CT scan of the colon and rectum — or the gold standard: colonoscopy. When it comes to what I prefer, it’s always colonoscopy. Why am I biased? Because a colonoscopy can diagnose and treat the problem in one setting, which is a unique advantage.
Every year roughly 135,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with colorectal cancer. More than 50,000 will die from the disease. It doesn’t have to be this way — research shows a colonoscopy can reduce the risk of death from colorectal cancer by about 65%.
Colonoscopy can’t prevent all cancers, but it gives you and your doctor the best shot at early detection. Just because you have a clean scope one year doesn’t mean you don’t have to follow up. This test needs to be done every 10 years. Here’s why: even if a small pre-cancerous growth is missed initially, polyps may take years to grow up into cancer and could be caught at the next screening before they spread and cause a more serious problem.
What if you dread the prep?
I have one message for anyone delaying their colonoscopy because they can’t stand the prep: Chemotherapy is harder and longer than one night in the bathroom.
The risks of colonoscopy are minimal and the prep is relatively easy, especially when compared to palliative therapy and hospice. The math is pretty simple.
Is there anything I can do to make the prep easier?
I learned my favorite prep tip from numerous doctors who have undergone the procedure, including my own GI specialist, Dr. Jonathan Lapook. People often think they should eat extra food before the prep, stuffing themselves so they won’t be hungry when it’s time to go on a liquid diet. That’s the worst thing you can do!
Instead, on the day before your colonoscopy, eat a very light and early breakfast (one egg, plain Greek yogurt, and a banana). You can have white, low-grain bread, but avoid any bread with grains or fiber. Avoid seeds and beans which can mimic a polyp and confuse the gastroenterologist (as happened to me once). After this, you should follow your prescribed clear liquid diet until four hours before your procedure the next day. Do not consume liquids that are red, purple, or blue in color since they can mess up the colonoscopy view. No drinking anything for four hours before the procedure so you don’t regurgitate and aspirate fluid while sedated.
In my case, at 12:00 p.m. the day before the procedure, I took two Dulcolax laxative tablets with eight ounces of water or other clear liquid. At 5:00 p.m. I add clear liquid to the entire jug of Golytely and drink eight ounces every 10 to 15 minutes until the entire solution is finished.
A colonoscopy can save lives — it saved mine. Don't wait for something bad to happen, take your health into your hands and get preventative care.