The SHIELD Plan to Prevent Dementia

Protect your brain from dementia and Alzheimer's disease today though sleep, stress management, socialization and more.

The SHIELD Plan to Prevent Dementia

Though dementia affects some 5 million people over 65, it can be possible for you to prevent getting it. So how can you help safeguard your brain and mental health? One expert recommends following the SHIELD plan, which emphasizes six components of avoiding disease: sleeping, handling stress, interacting with others, exercising, learning new things, and following a healthy diet.

Learn about the simple, everyday lifestyle changes you can start making today to help prevent dementia, as recommended by Dr. Rudolph Tanzi, leader of the Alzheimer's Genome Project at the Cure Alzheimer's Fund and professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School.

The SHIELD Plan to Prevent Dementia


Amyloid plaque develops in the brain to protect brain cells and overall, more plaque is produced when you are awake. However, when there is too much plaque in the brain, it can interfere with cell function and bind to nerve cells, harming them over time. During sleep, amyloid plaque production decreases and the brain is able to produce more fluid to clean out excess plaque. Aim for at least eight hours of sleep each night to ensure your brain has the chance to carry out this cleanup process.

Handle Stress

Experts agree that reducing stress benefits the entire body, especially the brain. Dr. Deepak Chopra, who co-authored Super Genes with Tanzi, recommends adopting a short and regular meditation practice to help relieve stress. Start meditating now with this quick, 1-minute routine:

  • Keep your eyes open but soft, without focusing on anything.
  • Inhale for 4 seconds, pause, and then exhale.
  • Repeat the 4-second inhalation again and let your awareness float upwards toward the sky.
  • Let your body relax and take a moment to rest before continuing on with your day.

Interact With Others

Studies suggest that loneliness can lead to additional stress and may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Prioritize social engagement and stay in touch with family members and friends. If you're physically separated from loved ones, call and speak to them on a recurring basis and seek out a social support network to stay healthy.


Keeping your heart rate up not only helps prevent cardiovascular disease but it can also fight back against Alzheimer's disease as well. Not a gym-goer? Start with aerobic exercise and go for a power walk at least once a week. Work your way up to three times a week for 30-45 minutes. To help stay motivated to get up and move, switch up your workouts and try new ones that are fun and keep you engaged.

Learn New Things

Along with physical exercise, mental exercise is just as important in preventing and delaying the onset of cognitive decline. Learning new skills and playing brain games can build new nerve connections that maintain optimal brain health. Try adopting a new hobby, learning a new language, or playing a new musical instrument.


The Mediterranean diet has been shown to benefit your brain the most. On the diet, you'll eat more fruits and vegetables, nuts, and olive oil and then cut back on red meat consumption. If you have high blood pressure, the DASH diet offers similar benefits as well. Other studies have also suggested a correlation between diet soda consumption and decreased brain volume and increased brain aging. Avoid artificially-sweetened drinks to lower your risk of stroke and dementia, especially if you drink diet soda every day.

Download a copy the SHIELD Plan here: SHIELD-Plan-Dementia.pdf

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